Urinary frequency in children

Childrens’ Urinary Frequency and Bladder Dysfunction

A Parent’s Guide to Frequent Urination in Children

By Paige Zagranski, MSN, RN, CPNP-PC

As a parent, you are constantly monitoring your child’s health and well-being. So when you notice your little one rushing to the bathroom too often or experiencing bedwetting, it’s natural to be concerned. While occasional variations in urination patterns are normal, a persistent, or sudden change for the worse in urinary habits is cause for attention. Fortunately, bladder dysfunction can be managed effectively. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for frequent urination in children, helping you become better equipped to address your child’s bladder concerns.

What is frequent urination in children?

Frequent urination refers to a condition where children experience an increased need to urinate, leading to more frequent trips to the bathroom than usual. While the frequency can vary from child to child, a general guideline for “too much” urination is more than eight visits to the bathroom during waking hours.

Polyuria, Pollakiuria, and Nocturia In Children

There are several types of urinary frequency conditions that parents should be aware of. One common syndrome is polyuria, which refers to an increased volume of urine. On the other hand, incontinence occurs when a child is unable to hold urine, leading to accidental leaks. Additionally, some children may experience not urinating at all, which is called unproductive straining. However, it’s crucial not to mistake these conditions for pollakiuria.

Pollakiuria is a daytime urinary frequency issue characterized by frequent small volumes of urine that are voided intentionally. On the other hand, nocturia refers to voluntary nocturnal urination.

It’s essential to recognize the difference between frequent unproductive straining and frequent productive urination. Frequent unproductive straining is often associated with a urinary obstruction, which can be a medical emergency requiring immediate attention and intervention. Parents should be vigilant and seek medical assistance if they notice their child experiencing frequent unproductive straining.

What are the common causes of frequent urination in children?

Several factors can contribute to frequent urination in children:


Surprisingly, constipation can play a significant role in urinary frequency. Hard stool in the rectum can press against the bladder, reducing its capacity and leading to frequent urination, even if the bladder isn’t completely full. Ensuring your child maintains regular bowel movements can alleviate this issue.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

UTIs are bacterial infections that can affect the urinary system, causing symptoms like frequent urination, pain during urination, and sometimes bedwetting. If your child experiences urinary frequency along with fever, abdominal pain, flank pain, or cloudy urine, it’s crucial to consult a pediatric urologist.

Excessive Fluid Intake

Consuming large amounts of fluids, especially those containing caffeine or artificial sweeteners, can increase urine production and result in increased urinary frequency. Monitoring your child’s intake of high-energy beverages and encouraging regular water consumption can help regulate urination.

Overactive Bladder and Bladder Dysfunction

Older children may experience an overactive bladder, which is when the bladder muscles contract involuntarily, causing a frequent urge to urinate. If your child exhibits sudden and strong urges, experiences urgency, or has accidents due to an inability to hold urine, it’s best to consult one of our urology providers for evaluation and management options.

Anxiety or Emotional Factors

Emotional stress or anxiety can manifest into urinary frequency and bladder control problems for children. If emotional factors may be contributing to your child’s urinary frequency, consulting a urologist and a mental health specialist will be beneficial.

Other Medical Conditions

In some cases, urinary frequency in children may be linked to underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney problems, or urinary tract abnormalities. For example:

  • Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 diabetes can lead to increased thirst and frequent urination in children.
  • Diabetes Insipidus: A rare condition where the body lacks antidiuretic hormone (ADH), resulting in excessive urination and thirst.

If the urinary frequency is persistent, accompanied by other concerning symptoms, or there’s a family history of urinary tract or kidney disorders, it’s essential to consult a urologist for an assessment and to develop a treatment plan.

Identifying the Symptoms of Frequent Urination

In addition to increased bathroom visits, other symptoms associated with frequent urination in children may include:

  • Bedwetting, especially if your child has previously been toilet trained.
  • Pain or discomfort during urination.
  • Incontinence during the day.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Fever, vomiting, or blood in the urine.

While occasional instances of frequent urination are not always a cause for concern, you should immediately consult a urologist if your child has any of the above symptoms in combination with bladder dysfunction. When you visit a pediatric urologist, a urinalysis (a urine sample is analyzed to check for signs of infection or other abnormalities), blood tests, and other physical examinations may be conducted to evaluate your child.

Treatment Options for Your Child’s Frequent Urination

The treatment for frequent urination will depend on the underlying cause. Some common approaches include:

  • Treating UTIs: Antibiotics are used to clear urinary tract infections.
  • Managing Diabetes: Children with diabetes will need proper insulin management and dietary adjustments.
  • Medications: For overactive bladder or other bladder dysfunction issues, medication might be prescribed.
  • Behavioral Therapy: Techniques like bladder training and timed voiding can be effective.

5 Tips for Managing Frequent Urination at Home

Alongside professional treatment, you can try the following tips at home:

  1. Encourage your child to drink plenty of water during the day.
  2. Limit caffeine and sugary drinks, as they can exacerbate the problem.
  3. Establish a regular bathroom schedule for your child.
  4. Make sure your child uses the bathroom before going to bed.

Frequently Asked Questions About Children’s Urinary Frequency

Is peeing a lot always a sign of a medical condition?

Not necessarily. Sometimes, increased urination can be influenced by dietary factors or emotional changes in children.

Can stress and anxiety cause frequent urination in children?

Yes, stress and anxiety can contribute to frequent urination, as they can affect the body’s hormone levels and bladder function.

Can diet play a role in frequent urination?

Absolutely. Diets high in caffeine or sugar can lead to increased urine production and exacerbate the issue.

Can children outgrow frequent urination?

In many cases, yes. It’s essential to address any underlying medical conditions, but some children do outgrow this issue as they mature.

Is bedwetting related to frequent urination?

Bedwetting can be associated with frequent urination if the child’s bladder capacity is reduced, leading to more frequent emptying.

Remember, every child is different, and while frequent urination can be concerning, it is often manageable with proper care and professional guidance from your child’s urologic care team. As a parent, your proactive approach to addressing this concern will play a crucial role in your child’s overall well-being. Keep in mind that your child’s bladder dysfunction may “relapse” and will require more treatment. If you have any worries or doubts, don’t hesitate to seek advice from a pediatric urologist at Georgia Urology who can provide personalized guidance and support.

Schedule An Appointment With Georgia Urology’s Pediatric Urologists

Georgia Urology is one of the largest and most well-respected private practice urology groups in the country. Of its 50 specialty-trained physicians, 8 are fellowship-trained pediatric urologists with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of urological problems affecting boys, girls, and adolescents. If your child is experiencing frequent urination, UTIs, or general bladder dysfunction, make an appointment to see a pediatric urologist at Georgia Pediatric Urology by calling 404-252-5206.