Pelvic Floor Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is a very common condition, particularly among older women, women who have had multiple births or who have undergone abdominal surgery.   Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic floor muscles become weak or damaged and can no longer support the pelvic organs. As a result, one or more pelvic organs can fall from their normal position and protrude.  Prolapse of the bladder (cystocele), rectum (rectocele), bowel (enterocele), or uterus may be asymptomatic and discovered on pelvic exam or can cause “dropping” sensations, pain or pressure in the vagina and pelvis. It is not uncommon to have more than one type of prolapse. The spectrum of architectural weaknesses in the pelvic floor may require a combined procedure to correct the various defects of prolapse and incontinence

What are the Symptoms of Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

Symptoms may include:

  1. Feeling a lump or heavy sensation in the vagina
  2. Lower back pain that eases when you lie down
  3. Pelvic pain or pressure
  4. Pain or lack of sensation during sex
  5. Urinary leakage upon coughing or straining
  6. Re-current urinary infections.

How is Pelvic Organ Prolapse Diagnosed?

Sometimes Pelvic Organ Prolapse does not cause symptoms and is discovered on pelvic exam. When prolapse causes “dropping” sensations, pain or pressure in the vagina and pelvis, diagnostic tests such as Urinalysis, Cystoscopy and Urodynamics are performed to determine the cause. It is not uncommon to have more than one type of prolapse.

What Can Be Done to Repair Pelvic Organ Prolapse?

There are many treatment options available depending on the severity of the problem and lifestyle.  Weaknesses in the multiple pelvic organs may require a combined procedure to repair the various problems of prolapse and incontinence.  At Georgia Urology, our experienced urologists perform the surgical repairs utilizing minimally invasive techniques in most case.

While prolapse is not considered a life threatening condition it may cause a great deal of discomfort and distress.  Once rarely discussed or recognized, this problem has now become a priority in women’s health. Living with prolapse can be a challenge, both physically and emotionally, as the symptoms can disrupt day-to-day life.

Call Georgia Urology today and make an appointment with our experienced urologist to discuss a treatment option that best for you.